Recognition and valuation principles
The unaudited, condensed consolidated interim financial statements as of September 30, 2014 were prepared in accordance with the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) and related interpretations of the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) applicable to interim financial reporting, required to be applied in the European Union. The standards and interpretations already mandatory as of January 1, 2014 were observed in preparing the interim financial statements.
The application of new or revised standards on accounting for participating interests in other entities, in particular, became mandatory as of January 1, 2014. These comprise the new standards IFRS 10, IFRS 11 and IFRS 12 together with the revised standards IAS 27 and IAS 28. IFRS 10 contains requirements for consolidated financial statements superseding those previously contained in IAS 27 and largely redefines the control concept, which forms the basis for determining which companies are to be fully consolidated. This did not result in any changes for LANXESS, however. IFRS 11 prescribes the accounting for joint arrangements and requires a reappraisal of whether a jointly controlled entity constitutes a joint operation or a joint venture. The interest in a joint operation is accounted for by recognizing the share of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses according to the rights and obligations of the partners. The investment in a joint venture, however, is accounted for in the consolidated financial statements using the equity method in line with the amended requirements of IAS 28. The investment in DuBay Polymer GmbH, Hamm, Germany, was previously accounted for using the proportionate consolidation method. This entity is to be regarded as a joint operation, since the partners exercise joint control over it, purchasing its entire output between them, and DuBay Polymer has no access to external sources of finance. The company is therefore accounted for according to LANXESS’s shares of its assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses. The application of the new or revised standards did not affect the classification of Currenta GmbH & Co. OHG, Leverkusen, Germany, as an associated company. It therefore continues to be accounted for using the equity method according to IAS 28. Finally, IFRS 12 relates to disclosure requirements. The application of the new or revised standards as a whole had no material impact on the LANXESS Group’s financial position or results of operations.
Also mandatory as of the beginning of 2014 are the amendments to IAS 36 that were published in May 2013. The new rules make it clear that the recoverable amount of an asset or cash-generating unit now only has to be disclosed for periods in which an impairment loss has been recognized or reversed. Additional disclosures are required when an impairment loss is recognized or reversed and the recoverable amount is based on fair value less costs of disposal. Since the changes solely relate to the explanatory notes, their application has no impact on the financial position or results of operations.
In compliance with IAS 34, the company opted for a condensed scope of reporting in the interim financial statements compared with the consolidated annual financial statements. Reference should be made as appropriate to the notes to the consolidated financial statements as of December 31, 2013, particularly with respect to the recognition and valuation principles applied.
Preparation of the consolidated interim financial statements requires that assumptions and estimates be made that have an impact on the amount and recognition of assets and liabilities in the statement of financial position, income and expenses, and contingent liabilities. All assumptions and estimates are made on the basis of conditions prevailing at the reporting date, using methods broadly consistent with those applied in the consolidated financial statements for 2013. The actual figures may differ from the assumptions or estimates if the underlying conditions develop differently than predicted at the reporting date.
The present interim financial statements do not contain any items that are considered unusual because of their nature, scope or frequency and have had a significant impact on the assets, liabilities, equity, results for the period or cash flows.
The business of the LANXESS Group as a whole is not subject to pronounced seasonality. However, in light of the business activities of the individual segments, sales and earnings tend to be stronger in the first half of the year. For example, volumes of agrochemical products in the Advanced Intermediates segment tend to be higher in the first six months of the year because of the growing seasons. The businesses with products for the construction industry in the Advanced Intermediates and Performance Chemicals segments are also seasonal in that sales are higher in the summer than in the winter months, when construction activity is lower.